After enjoying your married life for a few months or years, you want to become a mother. And for this, you make your effort and your husband supports you in it. You decide to see an expert at a fertility or IVF clinic in Delhi or your locality when your constant effort for more than six or twelve months does not help you conceive a child. Consulting a respective doctor is good. However, on your end, you should know why you are not getting pregnant before seeing an expert. Here are some reasons that may be stopping you from getting pregnant:
1. Not enough try
First of all, you need to think about how long you have been trying to conceive. You may say you have been trying forever. As per reproductive health experts, you should try for six months in a row if you and your partner are below 35. You must try for at least a year before visiting a fertility expert if you are above 35.
2. Ovulation disorders
Human conception needs the meeting of an egg with a sperm cell. If you have no ovulation, you will not be able to conceive. You may have ovulation disorders caused by:
- PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome
- Thyroid dysfunction
- Excessive exercise
- Low or high BMI
- Primary ovarian insufficiency
Your ovulation disorders can make you have irregular periods. However, regular menstrual cycles can’t ensure you have normal ovulation. Consult a gynecologist if you have irregular periods.
3. Male factor infertility
Not getting pregnant does not mean it is your fault only. Your male partner might have fertility problems like low sperm count and poor sperm shape and motility. According to a few studies on reproductive health, around 20 to 30% of couples have male factor infertility. Doctors diagnose it through semen analysis.
Maternal age is a primary cause of female infertility. Many women above 35 consider that they are fertile if they have regular periods. It is not true. With age, especially after 35, egg quality and quantity are not good for fertilisation or conception. After 40, males also start having fertility problems and find themselves unable to make their female partners pregnant.
5. Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes
The fallopian tubes link the uterus to the ovaries. After the release from either of the ovaries, an egg travels to the uterus via the fallopian tubes. And sperm ejaculated by the penis during sexual intercourse swims up and reaches the uterus through the cervix and fallopian tubes to meet the egg. Anything in the fallopian tubes can prevent the sperm from meeting with the egg. And as a result, you can’t get pregnant. You may experience pelvic pain if you have blocked fallopian tubes. Through an HSG (hysterosalpingogram), doctors detect blockage or damage in the fallopian tubes.
Endometriosis occurs to you when endometrium grows outside of your uterus. According to a study published on ScienceDirect, around 50% of females with endometriosis have difficulties getting pregnant. As per a study published on SpringerLink, around 10-15% of females have endometriosis. You may experience pelvic pain and painful periods if you have endometriosis.
7. Certain medical problems
Underlying health issues can make you have infertility. These health conditions can be thyroid imbalance, diabetes, stress, anxiety, depression, lupus, and sexually transmitted diseases/infections.
8. Certain medications
Prescription medications have moderate to severe side effects. Some of them can affect your fertility or ability to conceive. So, you should not take any medications without your doctor’s consent. And you should consult your doctor if you notice any issues after taking a particular medicine.
Suggest to read:- Track Ovulation with Irregular Periods
9. Lifestyle factors
Highly comfortable and bad lifestyle affects male and female infertility. According to a few studies, drinking too much alcohol, using illicit drugs, and smoking tobacco badly impair fertility in men and women. Further, trauma, chronic stress, insomnia, and allied mental issues can lower male and female fertility.
As a female, your fertility is at a higher risk. Your lifestyle, certain reproductive health issues, age, environmental factors, psychological problems, and medical conditions can stop you from having a conception.