If you have diabetes and don’t control it in time, it will wreak havoc on your entire body, and I mean your entire body, including your eyes, legs, nerves, and more. Once diabetes is diagnosed, it requires significant lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, exercising, and healthier foods which can be a lot for some people. Changing their lifestyle to something so drastic and so out of the blue is difficult for some people.
They try but often revert to their old lifestyle, which results in uncontrolled diabetes, which in the long run can do some severe damage. Let’s take a minute or two to understand which organs are affected by your body, what different types of diabetes do, their symptoms, and so on.
Which Organs Are Affected By Uncontrolled Diabetes?
Diabetes is often described as a high blood sugar level, and there is a good reason for that. The high sugar in your blood is what causes the problems, and this condition is called diabetes. Since blood travels to various organs in your body, the excess sugar also travels there and starts causing problems. Here are some of the organs that are heavily affected by diabetes-
Excess sugar in your blood will also flow through the arteries of your heart, which over time may cause the arteries inside your heart to constrict. A constricted artery will have a narrower space leading to lower blood flow and eventually stroke or even a heart attack.
- Skin and Blood Vessels
Severe blood vessel damage can lead to gangrene, which when happens will need amputation to stop its spread, such as the destruction of uncontrolled diabetes. It could also lead to repeated skin infections that don’t heal properly, such as cellulitis, ulcers, or even yeast infections.
Diseases related to the eyes, such as Retinopathy, Cataracts, or even Glaucoma often occur in people who have uncontrolled diabetes. If it continues like that for a long time, it could even lead to permanent blindness. Regular eye exams are necessary to keep track of the progress of eye diseases as a result of diabetes.
Higher sugar levels often damage the nerves in your body. It usually starts with the peripheral neuropathy nerves, which cause pain, burning, or tingling sensation in your feet starting from your toes. Eventually, the same symptoms will start happening in your hips, and you may even lose sensation in certain parts of your body.
The primary functions of kidneys are to filter your blood and remove waste from it in the form of urine. When there’s too much sugar in your blood, your kidneys will have to work twice as hard to filter them will severely shorten the lifespan of the kidneys. Symptoms of kidney damage don’t appear unless there’s significant damage already.
- Gastrointestinal Tract
The gastrointestinal Tract can get irritated under the presence of excess sugar in your blood and cause symptoms such as bloating, nausea, constipation, and even acid reflux. While it may seem irritating at first, it could become more problematic if the sugar level in your blood is left uncontrolled.
- Gums and Teeth
Uncontrolled sugar levels in your blood would also lead to swollen gums that may look blood red and can bleed if ruptured. Swollen gums could also expose the roots of your teeth, which can damage over time if food particles get stuck there for a long period of time. Read more about blood sugar levels chart by age 40
Different Types of Diabetes
There are mainly 4 types of diabetes, with each having its unique properties.
- Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes causes your antibodies to attack cells in your pancreas, which are responsible for the production of insulin. Without insulin, your body is left with excess sugar in your blood.
- Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes causes your body to build resistance against the insulin produced by your body, and in some cases, insulin production also decreases. This leads to excess blood sugar, which is not good for your body.
Pre-diabetes is the stage before it turns into full-on diabetes. It is so minor that it often gets undiagnosed unless proper diabetes tests are done. Most people with pre-diabetes don’t even notice the symptoms.
- Gestational Diabetes
It’s a form of temporary diabetes that only happens in pregnant women, but if it’s not controlled, it may slowly develop into full-on diabetes.
Common Symptoms of Uncontrolled Diabetes
When there’s too much sugar in your blood, and it’s left uncontrolled for long periods, sudden symptoms will start showing up. Here are some major symptoms of uncontrolled diabetes.
- Frequent infections will riddle your body. These infections will be different in the sense that they will not heal easily. You may also have urinary tract infections, respiratory tract infections, and even yeast infections.
- You will have increased urination and increased thirst. Excess sugar in your blood will trigger the kidneys to work more to get rid of the excess sugar which will result in more frequent urination. Also, frequent urination will lead to increased thirst as the body need more water to produce urine.
- Your appetite for food will also increase, but since your body cannot use the excess glucose efficiently, you won’t be gaining much weight.
- You may feel tingling, pain, or burning sensations in your limbs, starting with your toes.
- You may even begin to have troubled breathing or feel like you are always out of breath.
How To Treat or Manage Diabetes?
There is no magic pill that will cure diabetes, unfortunately. That’s because it’s not a traditional disease where you take medications to kill certain viruses and bacteria and get rid of the disease. This disease is more like a condition that you will have to manage to ensure healthy living, which includes changes in lifestyle, weight loss, diet changes, exercise, and more. As for medicine, there are some medicine that will be recommended by your doctors, but this is a condition that can easily be maintained without any medication if you can follow through with the lifestyle change.
It is evidently clear what sort of damage your body will endure if diabetes is left untreated. So, it is very necessary that you do all that is necessary to keep your diabetes in check and that includes all the lifestyle changes. Also, if your doctor prescribes medicine, it must be taken regularly and as advised by your doctor.