ORTHOPEDIC THERAPY: A GUIDE

Any injury or illness related to bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, or tendons may lead to abnormal functioning. Such injuries are attended to by orthopedics. Orthopedic therapy is a branch of medical science that focuses on muscle and bones. Various kinds of injuries can affect the muscles and bones. Apart from the regular medicine, most often, the doctors suggest that you also take the help of orthopedic physical therapists who specialize in orthopedic physical therapy. Usually, the hospitals have a resident therapist. If not, you can always google for “orthopedic doctor near me. ”

WHAT IS ORTHOPEDIC THERAPY?

Orthopedic physical therapy is life-changing for most. It helps the injured to get back on track after surgery or serious issues that involve the muscle and skeletal system. The therapy includes the care of the following.

  • Bones
  • Muscles
  • Ligaments
  • Tendons
  • Joints
  • Connective tissues

CONDITIONS THAT BENEFIT FROM THERAPY

The therapist, in general, treats fractures, muscle strains, ligament tears, sprains, bursitis, and post-operative conditions. The injuries may leave an impact on day-to-day activities and stop you from enjoying your life. An orthopedic physical therapist evaluates your conditions, runs a few diagnostic tests, and chalks up a treatment plan. Orthopedic therapies are prescribed for the following:

S. No Body Part Condition
1 Knee ACL tear, Knee instability, Knee pain, Meniscus tear, Patella pain, Knee replacement
2 Hip Bursitis, Hip Pain
3 Foot and Ankle Achilles tendon injuries, Ankle sprain, Foot and ankle pain, heel pain, Plantar fasciitis
4 Arm, Wrist, and Hand Carpal tunnel syndrome, Golfer’s elbow, Tennis elbow, Wrist pain
5 Shoulder Fracture, frozen shoulder, rotator cuff tear
6 Spine Degenerative disc disease, Herniated disc, Lower back pain, Scoliosis, Spinal stenosis, Torn disc
7 Other Arthritis, Cartilage damage, Lyme disease, Running injuries, Stress fractures, Fractures

 

 

TOOLS AND EXERCISES USED

During the rehab or the course of treatment, the orthopedic physical therapist will essentially use these tools:

  1. Therapeutic Modalities

These include ice, heat, water, laser, electrical stimulation, and ultrasound to improve your movement and flexibility. These help in relieving the pain and help you to rest.

  1. Assistive Devices

Canes, walkers, slings, etc., that aid in the movement are recommended to be used regularly till recovery.

  1. Assessment and Evaluation

Your symptoms are evaluated by the therapists, and your movements are monitored regularly throughout the treatment. They help to gauge the pain levels, flexibility, range of motion, balance, and posture. The treatment is then modified accordingly.

  1. Mobilization and Massage

Soft tissue massages relieve stiffness and promote blood flow. The therapist may also move your joints to help in your recovery process.

  1. Dry Needling

In certain circumstances, the therapist uses a dry needling procedure similar to acupuncture. A thin needle is inserted into a specific muscle with a trigger point.

  1. Kinesiology taping

It is a flexible band made of stretchable fabric. It is applied to specific parts of the body and is anecdotally known to help provide support, improve flexibility, boost circulation, decompress the trigger points, and reduce pain and inflammation.

The most important part of the therapy is exercise, and this depends totally on you for it to work. The therapist will teach a few exercises that improve strength, flexibility, balance, endurance, functionality and running range. You must adhere to the routine and do the exercises regularly to see positive changes in your condition. This is the hardest part of the treatment and requires a lot of commitment.

 

TIPS TO GET THE BEST OF THE THERAPY

Though physical therapy is just one part of the recovery plan, it is a crucial one. Certain key tips will help you to make the most of it.

  1. See the right doctor.

Ensure the therapist chosen is right for you and specializes in your injury. You can always check at the hospital for recommendations or Google for “orthopedic doctor near me. ” You can also check with friends and social circles for any recommendations.

  1. Get involved

Take responsibility for your recovery. Be as enthusiastic as your therapist. Be honest with them about your condition and provide them with all the necessary information. Do not hesitate to ask questions.

  1. Work Hard

Give your hundred percent in the therapy sessions. Do not cut back on the exercise schedule or skip the therapy. But remember not to drain yourself. Know when to rest.

THE BOTTOM LINE

Orthopedic physical therapy is designed to treat injuries to muscles and bones. It is essential to choose the right therapist who specializes in your condition and is well experienced. A Google search of “orthopedic doctor near me“will help. Once you find the therapist and work out the plan, trust the process and do not skip the sessions. With your effort and the therapist’s medical expertise combined, one can expect a speedy recovery.