What is ejaculate? Typically, it represents a suspension of spermatozoa, which is in the secretion of the testicles. The ejaculate at the time of ejaculation is mixed with the secret of the prostate, bulbous urethral glands, and seminal vesicles. Various methods are used for research.
As part of a macroscopic study, the volume, viscosity, color, and other parameters of the ejaculate are determined. The expected book is from 2 ml to 6 ml. An excess of ejaculation most often means a low concentration of spermatozoa in the first ten min. A healthy ejaculate is thick and dense, then the biomaterial liquefies. Microscopic examination is carried out with a fluorescent microscope. The number of spermatozoa, shape, mobility, and position are assessed.
When is semen analysis required?
The doctor and andrologist usually send for spermogram analysis in Lahore. A program is necessary to assess the quality and quantity of spermatozoa accurately. Most often, the study is prescribed for infertile couples to determine the causes of the pathology. Also, the analysis is named in preparation for IVF fertility center lahore and is mandatory for sperm donors.
Preparing for the spermogram
The indicators depend on the age of the man, his health, and, of course, on the correct preparation for the spermogram. In general, there are the following requirements for submitting semen for analysis:
Sexual abstinence for 2-4 days before donation.
Seven days before the study, visiting the bath, steam room, sauna, hot baths, and hypothermia is forbidden.
For 4-5 days, you must stop taking alcohol and medications. You should avoid physical activity and be subjected to severe stress.
To get accurate results, you must adhere to the rules for passing a spermogram:
The test should be taken at the clinic. At home, the program does not give up for reasons of sterility. It also requires a speedy delivery of the material to the laboratory since the time of semen liquefaction is one of the essential research parameters. In addition, when transporting a biomaterial, it is affected by such factors as hypothermia, overheating, and vibration, leading to a change in its properties.
Surrender is carried out by masturbation into the container. It is unacceptable to collect sperm after interrupted intercourse or from a condom – since, in the first case, the partner’s endometrium can get there. In the second case, the lubricant has a detrimental effect on spermatozoa.
- Ejaculate analysis is prescribed 2-3 times with a break of 2-3 weeks since spermatogenesis occurs in different parts of the testicles.
- Spermogram norm
- The norm of macroscopic parameters include:
- The ejaculate volume is more than 1.5 ml.
- The pH of sperm is 7.2-8.0.
- Grey-milky color.
- The average semen liquefaction time is about an hour at room temperature.
Microscopic indicators are also calculated: the concentration of spermatozoa in 1 ml is determined, and the percentage of active spermatozoa, weakly mobile and immobile, as well as morphologically normal, is calculated.
For conception, it is required that in the ejaculate, there is about 5-10 million / ml of actively mobile and morphologically normal spermatozoa. At the same time, it has evolved that one indicator can compensate for another. For example, if the concentration is low, then a large volume of ejaculate is observed. Still, if the percentage of active spermatozoa is reduced, a high rate of morphologically normal ones is observed.
What to do if you get bad results
Stay satisfied if you receive a transcript of a spermogram with deviations. In almost 80% of men, they may be present. All rules in this area are relative and conditional. It cannot be said that a semen volume of 1.6 ml is the norm, and 1.4 ml is already a pathology. These values may be approximately equal in their fertility.
Therefore, if you find deviations from the norm in the analysis results, you should correct your lifestyle, start eating fully, move, give up bad habits and retake the analysis in 2-3 weeks. If the second study also showed a deviation, you need to be examined for the presence of the following:
- Endocrine disorders
- Tumor pathologies
Sperm quality is greatly affected by the following:
- Alcohol abuse
- prolonged stress
- Excessive physical activity
- Strict diets and beriberi;
- Body intoxication.
The urologist-andrologist will prescribe additional examinations – MAP test, blood tests, and smears to identify the reasons for the low quality of the ejaculation. After identifying the disease, its treatment is prescribed.
If the cause of infertility is not determined, the man is assigned a program to stimulate spermatogenesis. Treatment with an individually selected complex of medications can improve sperm quality by 35-40%. All this greatly increases the chances of natural conception or with the help of IVF.
Where to take a spermogram in Lahore
The question of where to take a spermogram is very important. The result should show the real picture as accurately as possible. Therefore, the decision on where to take the spermogram should be balanced, since you may have to take the material for research again. Suppose a man is sent for a spermogram because the couple cannot get pregnant. In that case, it is better to choose a clinic in which the couple will undergo further examination for infertility and possibly an IVF procedure. The price in Lahore also plays an important role in the spermogram.
Large reproduction clinics involved in the diagnosis and treatment of infertility have their clinical laboratories where you can donate biomaterial and get advice on deciphering the results from specialized specialists and recommendations for further treatment.
How much does it cost to make a spermogram in Lahore?
Another important question is how much a spermogram costs. The price for a spermogram is usually affordable, and the information content of this analysis is very high. In addition, it depends on what price to take a spermogram in Lahore depends on the type of study. In some cases, a man may be recommended to take not a basic examination but an extended spermogram, which, in addition to the basic parameters, includes the determination of sperm biochemistry, MAR tests, and the determination of anti-sperm antibodies.
How to book an appointment?
You can book an appointment through our website “genovafertility.com”.
Feel free to call us at “0340-111-1022”.
You can visit Genova IVF & Fertility Centre at this address ” 27 Sir Syed Rd, Block K Gulberg 2, Lahore, Punjab 54660, Pakistan”.
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